The seminar is part of The Migration Seminar; a multidisciplinary forum for researchers from all faculties at Malmö University with an interest in migration, integration, diversity and related issues. Maarten Vink is currently Willy Brandt Guest Professor at the Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM) at Malmö University.
International migration, gender equality and increasingly tolerant dual citizenship policies have led to a growing number of persons holding the citizenship of more than one state. Yet in many countries, dual citizenship acceptance is still contested. In this paper, we investigate attitudes towards dual citizenship in the Netherlands, a country that has at best reluctantly accepted dual citizenship and continues to practice a restrictive policy. We investigate the remarkable discrepancy in electoral attitudes towards dual citizenship of immigrants who acquire Dutch citizenship, on the one hand, and Dutch citizens acquiring a foreign citizenship, on the other. Drawing on social identity theory we argue that, in the context of perceived cultural treat, ethnic citizenship conceptions and national identification drive a ‘double standard’ towards accepting dual citizenship for the in-group (emigrants), but not for the out-group (immigrants). We test our argument on the basis of data from the 2012 Dutch Parliamentary Election Study (N = 1650).